General Dentistry Services at Burlington’s Cornerstone Dental

Think it’s time to seek dental care? Visit Burlington’s Cornerstone Dental. Some people believe they only need to visit the dentist if they’re experiencing pain or discomfort, but we highly recommend everyone to receive regular dental check-ups. Even if you brush your teeth consistently, conditions like plaque and cavities are invisible and can only be removed by a trained dental hygienist using sophisticated tools.

At a general dentistry appointment, your dentist may:

Conduct an examination of your oral health, such as checking for signs of dental decay, gum disease, bite problems, and oral cancer
Clean teeth, treat cavities, and remove plaque and tartar build-up
Use X-rays and 3D imaging to detect other abnormal conditions

Dental Surgery in Our Office
Our team of dentists enhance their skills by taking continuing education courses to stay cognizant of the newest techniques in dental surgery. Root canal therapy, also known as endodontic therapy, is indicated when the pulp/nerve of the tooth has become inflamed or infected. This may be caused by trauma to the tooth, extensive decay, or a cracked tooth to name a few.

The Canadian Dental Association recommends Canadians to visit their dentist once every six months. Depending on other health factors (such as whether or not you smoke, your diet, and your history of gum and dental disease), you may have to visit your dentist more often.

It is recommended that children get their first dental examination within six months of the eruption of their first tooth or when they are one year old. However, if you suspect a dental problem before this age, take your child to the dentist right away. Our Burlington clinic welcomes patients of all ages, so bring the whole family


The Importance of Dental Hygiene

You may still be wondering what the big deal about teeth cleaning is.

Here are some facts to chew on.

A healthy mouth is an important part of your overall health. Periodontal (or gum) disease has been linked to diabetes, heart issues, low birth weight in infants and other medical conditions. Periodontal disease begins with plaque that is left behind turning into calculus and tartar which the toothbrush cannot remove. This substance is full of bacteria, which causes gum irritation and the gums begin to swell. Brushing and flossing can no longer clean properly. If left over an extended period of time, gum recession, bone loss and possible mobility of the teeth may occur.

Our office recommends that adults have the calculus removed every three to four months. For more advanced cases requiring surgery, we have an in-house periodontist on staff.

Remember, the purpose of regular professional teeth cleaning is to prevent disease. Dental and gum disease down the road can mean pain, discomfort, and high treatment costs, so we encourage you to take the proactive step today to maintain your oral health. For more information, and to book a general dental appointment in Burlington with us, please give us a call.

Preventative Dentistry

Emergency Exams

Emergency dental exams are quick evaluations performed by dentists to assess and address urgent dental issues. During these exams, dentists focus on identifying and treating dental problems that require immediate attention, such as severe tooth pain, dental trauma, or infections. The goal is to provide relief from discomfort, prevent further complications, and stabilize the patient's dental condition until further treatment can be scheduled


A dental filling is a common dental procedure used to repair teeth that have been damaged by decay or cavities. Dental fillings help to restore the strength and integrity of the tooth, prevent further decay, and restore normal chewing and
biting function.

  • When a tooth develops a cavity (a small hole caused by decay), a dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth using a dental drill.
  • After the decay is removed, the dentist will clean the area to remove any debris and bacteria.
  • Once the tooth is clean, the dentist will fill the cavity with composite resin, a dental filling material The filling material is shaped and smoothed to match the natural contours of the tooth.
  • Finally, the filling is hardened using a special light or chemical process, and the tooth is polished to restore its appearance and function.


During the procedure, your dentist will numb the area with local anesthesia, so you shouldn’t feel pain. However, some discomfort or sensitivity may occur after the anesthesia wears off.

The lifespan of a filling depends on various factors, including the type of filling material used, the size and location of the filling, and your oral hygiene habits. On average, dental fillings can last anywhere from 5 to 15 years.

It’s best to avoid eating or drinking until the numbness from the anesthesia wears off to prevent accidentally biting your lip, cheek, or tongue. After that, you can resume your normal eating and drinking habits.

Some sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks is normal after getting a filling, but it should subside within a few days. If sensitivity persists or worsens, you should contact your dentist.

Yes, dental fillings can be replaced if they become worn, damaged, or decayed over time. Your dentist will evaluate the condition of your fillings during routine dental check-ups and recommend replacement if necessary.

Practicing good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, avoiding sugary foods and drinks, and visiting your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings, can help prevent cavities and the need for fillings.

Mouth Guards

Mouth guards are protective devices recommended by dentists to prevent injury or damage to the teeth, mouth, and jaw during physical activities or sleep. They are typically made of durable plastic materials and custom-fitted to each individual's mouth by a dentist. Mouth guards help cushion blows to the face and distribute the force of impact, reducing the risk of broken teeth, cuts to the lips and gums, and jaw injuries. Overall, mouth guards provided by dentists offer effective protection and promote oral health and safety in various situations.

For Athletes

Mouth guards are commonly used by athletes during sports activities to safeguard against dental trauma

Night Guards

Night guards are a type of mouth guard prescribed to patients who grind or clench their teeth during sleep, helping to alleviate symptoms associated with bruxism and protect teeth from wear and damage

Regular Dental Checkups

During a dental checkup, your dentist will conduct a thorough examination of your teeth, gums, and oral tissues. They may also perform X-rays, professional cleanings, and oral cancer screenings. Your dentist will provide personalized oral hygiene instructions and address any concerns you may have.
Regular dental checkups are essential for maintaining optimal oral health. These checkups offer preventive care by allowing dentists to detect and address issues early, such as cavities, gum disease, and oral cancer. Professional cleanings remove plaque and tartar buildup, while screenings help identify potential problems. X-rays provide insight into hidden issues like tooth decay or jaw problems. Personalized oral care and guidance are provided, addressing specific concerns and promoting overall health. By attending regular checkups, individuals can preserve their oral health, prevent complications, and ensure a healthy smile for years to come.


Regular dental checkups are vital for maintaining good oral health. They help prevent dental problems by allowing early detection and treatment of issues like cavities, gum disease, and oral cancer. Professional cleanings and personalized oral care guidance contribute to overall oral health.

Most dentists recommend scheduling a dental checkup every six months. However, the frequency may vary based on individual needs and oral health conditions. Your dentist will provide guidance on the appropriate interval for your checkups.

Dental checkups are typically not painful. However, some discomfort may occur during certain procedures, such as X-rays or deep cleanings. Your dentist will ensure you are comfortable and may use anesthesia or sedation if necessary.

To prepare for a dental checkup, maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly. Be prepared to discuss any dental concerns or changes in your oral health with your dentist. Arrive on time for your appointment and bring any relevant dental records or insurance information.

If you experience dental anxiety or fear, discuss your concerns with your dentist. They can offer techniques to help you relax during the appointment, such as deep breathing exercises or listening to music. In some cases, sedation dentistry options may be available to help you feel more comfortable.

Yes, children can benefit greatly from regular dental checkups. Early dental visits help establish good oral hygiene habits and detect any potential issues early on. Your child’s dentist can provide guidance on proper oral care and preventive measures tailored to their age and needs.

Periodontal Disease Treatment

Periodontal disease treatment encompasses various approaches tailored to manage and control gum disease. The primary treatment method is scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gumline, promoting healing of gum tissue. Antibiotics may be prescribed to control bacterial infection and inflammation, while advanced cases may require surgical intervention such as flap surgery or bone grafts to address deep pockets or tissue loss. Laser therapy may also be utilized to disinfect pockets and encourage tissue regeneration. Ongoing maintenance, including regular follow-up visits and lifestyle modifications like quitting smoking, plays a crucial role in preserving oral health and preventing further progression of periodontal disease. Collaboration with a dentist ensures a personalized treatment plan aimed at achieving optimal oral health outcomes.


Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the gums and can lead to damage of the surrounding tissues and bone that support the teeth.

Periodontal disease is primarily caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Poor oral hygiene, smoking, genetic factors, certain medications, hormonal changes, and systemic diseases can also contribute to its development.

Common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include red, swollen, or bleeding gums; persistent bad breath; receding gums; loose or shifting teeth; and the formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums.

Periodontal disease is diagnosed through a comprehensive dental examination, which may include measuring pocket depths with a probe, dental X-rays to assess bone loss, and evaluation of other signs and symptoms.

Yes, periodontal disease can be prevented with good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, routine dental checkups, and professional cleanings. Avoiding tobacco use, maintaining a balanced diet, and managing systemic conditions can also help prevent gum disease.

If left untreated, periodontal disease can progress and lead to serious complications, including tooth loss, gum recession, bone loss, and an increased risk of systemic health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections.

While periodontal disease itself is not contagious, the bacteria that contribute to its development can be transferred through saliva. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene and avoiding behaviours that promote the spread of bacteria, such as sharing utensils or kissing, can help prevent the transmission of periodontal disease-causing bacteria.

Restorative Dentistry

Dental Implants

Dental implants are artificial tooth roots made of biocompatible materials like titanium, surgically placed into the jawbone to support replacement teeth or dental prostheses. They offer a permanent solution for missing teeth, restoring function, aesthetics, and oral health. Dental implants mimic the look, feel, and function of natural teeth, offering stability, comfort, and longevity. They can improve chewing ability, speech, and self-confidence, making them a popular and effective option for tooth replacement.

At Cornerstone Dental, we offer guided implant placement. It is a precise technique used to plan and perform dental implant surgery with the aid of advanced computer software and 3D imaging technology. It involves creating a detailed virtual surgical guide based on the patient’s unique anatomy and treatment plan, which helps ensure accurate placement of the implant in the optimal position within the jawbone. This technique enhances the predictability, efficiency, and safety of the implant procedure, leading to better outcomes and shorter recovery times for patients.

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

Brushing and flossing regularly is essential for keeping the implant site clean and preventing infection. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and non-abrasive toothpaste to avoid damaging the implant or surrounding tissues.

Avoid Smoking and Tobacco Use

 Smoking can interfere with the healing process and increase the risk of implant failure. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products to promote optimal healing and long-term success.

Attend Follow-up Appointments

Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your dentist or oral surgeon. These appointments allow your dental professional to monitor the healing process, check the stability of the implant, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Follow Dietary Recommendations

 In the immediate aftermath of implant surgery, stick to soft foods and avoid hard or sticky foods that may put pressure on the implant site. As healing progresses, gradually reintroduce a normal diet, avoiding excessively hard or crunchy foods that could damage the implant.

Manage Discomfort

 Some discomfort, swelling, and bruising are normal after implant surgery. Take any prescribed pain medications as directed by your dentist and apply ice packs to the affected area to reduce swelling and discomfort.

Protect the Implant

 Avoid biting or chewing on hard objects, such as ice or pen caps, to prevent damage to the implant and surrounding teeth. If you grind your teeth at night, consider wearing a night-guard to protect the implant and minimize the risk of complications.

Maintain Regular Dental Check-ups

 Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings to ensure the health and stability of your dental implant. Your dentist will assess the implant site, monitor your oral health, and provide professional cleaning to prevent complications such as gum disease.

Dental Crowns & Bridges

Dental crowns are like "caps" that cover damaged or weakened teeth, restoring their shape, size, strength, and appearance. They are custom-made to fit over the entire tooth and are cemented into place, providing protection and support. Dental crowns are commonly used to strengthen and enhance the appearance of teeth that have undergone extensive decay, damage, or cosmetic imperfections.
Dental bridges are like "bridges" that fill in the gap left by missing teeth. They consist of artificial teeth anchored by crowns placed on natural teeth adjacent to the gap. Bridges are fixed in the mouth and are a good option when healthy natural teeth nearby can support the bridge.

CEREC Technology for Same Day Crowns

Dental CEREC technology is like a high-tech 3D printer for making dental crowns, veneers, and other tooth restorations right in the dentist's office. Instead of having to wait weeks for a dental lab to make your restoration, CEREC lets your dentist design and create it while you wait. This saves you time and eliminates the need for messy impressions and temporary restorations.

Dental Bone Grafting

Dental bone grafting is a procedure used to restore bone in the jaw, often necessary for patients who have experienced bone loss due to periodontal disease, tooth loss, or injury. During the procedure, bone graft material is placed in the area where bone has been lost, stimulating new bone growth and providing a stable foundation for dental implants or other restorations. The graft material may be sourced from the patient's own body, a donor, or synthetic materials.

Is dental bone grafting painful?

Most patients experience minimal discomfort during and after the procedure, which can typically be managed with over-the-counter pain medication. Your dentist or oral surgeon will ensure you’re adequately numbed and may prescribe pain medication as needed.

How long does it take for the bone graft to heal?

Healing time varies depending on the size and complexity of the graft, as well as individual healing factors. In general, it may take several months for the graft to fully integrate with the existing bone before further dental procedures, such as dental implant placement, can be performed.

What are the risks associated with dental bone grafting?

While complications are rare, potential risks include infection, graft failure, and damage to surrounding structures. Your dentist or oral surgeon will discuss potential risks and benefits with you before the procedure.

Will I need sedation or anesthesia for the procedure?

Dental bone grafting can be performed under local anesthesia with or without sedation, depending on the patient’s preference and the complexity of the procedure. Your dentist or oral surgeon will discuss anesthesia options with you beforehand.

Can I eat normally after dental bone grafting?

Following dental bone grafting, you may be advised to stick to a soft diet for a period of time to promote healing and avoid putting excessive pressure on the graft site. Your dentist will provide dietary recommendations based on your individual circumstances.

How long do I need to wait before getting dental implants after a bone graft?

The waiting period before dental implant placement varies depending on the healing progress of the bone graft. Your dentist will monitor your healing and determine the appropriate timing for implant placement.

Follow Post-Operative Instructions

Your dentist will provide specific post- operative instructions tailored to your individual needs. Follow these instructions carefully to promote proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.

Manage Discomfort

 Some discomfort, swelling, and bruising are normal after dental bone grafting. Take any prescribed pain medication as directed by your dentist or oral surgeon to manage pain and discomfort.

Apply Ice Packs

 Applying ice packs to the affected area for the first 24 to 48 hours after surgery can help reduce swelling and discomfort. Use ice packs in 20-minute intervals, with breaks in between, to avoid damaging the skin.

Maintain Oral Hygiene

 Practice good oral hygiene to keep the surgical site clean and reduce the risk of infection. Your dentist may recommend using a gentle mouthwash or saline rinse to help keep the area clean.

Avoid Smoking and Tobacco Use

 Smoking and tobacco use can impair healing and increase the risk of complications after dental bone grafting. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products during the healing process.

Eat Soft Foods

 Stick to a soft diet for the first few days following surgery to avoid putting pressure on the surgical site. Choose foods that are easy to chew and swallow, such as soups, yogurt, and mashed potatoes.

Avoid Strenuous Activities

 Avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for the first few days after surgery to minimize the risk of bleeding, swelling, and discomfort.

Attend Follow-Up Appointments

 Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your dentist. These appointments allow your dental professional to monitor your healing progress, remove any stitches if necessary, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Be Patient

 Remember that healing takes time, and it may take several months for the bone graft to fully integrate with the existing bone. Be patient and follow your dentist’s recommendations for optimal healing and successful outcomes.

TMJ Disorder

Cornerstone Dental offers various treatments for TMJ disorder aimed at relieving symptoms and improving jaw function. These treatments may include lifestyle modifications such as stress management techniques, dietary changes, and avoiding habits like teeth grinding or jaw clenching. Dental interventions may involve the use of oral appliances like mouth guards or splints to alleviate jaw pain and prevent teeth grinding. Physical therapy exercises and techniques can help strengthen jaw muscles and improve joint function. In some cases, medications such as muscle relaxants or pain relievers may be prescribed to manage symptoms. Additionally, dental procedures like dental restorations or orthodontic treatment may be recommended to correct underlying dental issues contributing to TMJ disorder. It's essential to consult with a dentist experienced in treating TMJ disorder to determine the most appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and symptoms.

Symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder can vary from person to person, but common signs and symptoms may include:

Jaw Pain
Persistent or intermittent pain in the jaw joint or muscles around the jaw.

Facial Pain
Discomfort or tenderness in the face, particularly near the jaw joint, temples, cheeks, or ears.

Difficulty Chewing
Pain or discomfort while chewing, biting, or opening the mouth wide.

Jaw Clicking or Popping
Audible sounds like clicking, popping, or grinding when opening or closing the mouth.

Limited Jaw Movement
Difficulty or discomfort when moving the jaw, such as stiffness or locking of the jaw joint.

Ear Pain
Earaches or a sensation of fullness in the ears without any signs of infection.

Frequent headaches, often starting from the temples or behind the eyes.

Neck and Shoulder Pain
Muscular tension or pain in the neck and shoulders, often associated with jaw discomfort.

Ringing, buzzing, or other noises in the ears that are not related to external sounds.

Tooth Pain
Discomfort or sensitivity in the teeth, especially without any dental problems identified.

What dental procedures are available for TMJ disorder?

Dental procedures for TMJ disorder may include the use of oral appliances such as mouthguards or splints, dental restorations to correct bite abnormalities, orthodontic treatment to realign the teeth and jaws, and in severe cases, surgical interventions.

How do oral appliances help with TMJ disorder?

Oral appliances like mouthguards or splints can help alleviate TMJ symptoms by reducing teeth grinding, clenching, and jaw muscle tension. They can also help stabilize the jaw joint and prevent further damage to the teeth and jaws.

Are dental restorations necessary for treating TMJ disorder?

Dental restorations such as dental crowns, bridges, or dental implants may be recommended to correct bite abnormalities or replace missing teeth, which can contribute to TMJ disorder. These restorations help restore proper alignment and function of the teeth and jaws.

Can orthodontic treatment help with TMJ disorder?

Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or clear aligners, may be recommended to realign the teeth and jaws, improving bite alignment and reducing stress on the TMJ. Properly aligned teeth can help alleviate TMJ symptoms and improve jaw function.

Is surgery necessary for treating TMJ disorder?

Surgery is typically considered as a last resort for severe cases of TMJ disorder that do not respond to conservative treatments. Surgical interventions may involve arthroscopic procedures to repair or replace damaged joint structures or open-joint surgery for more complex cases.

How long does it take to see results from TMJ dental procedures?

The timeline for seeing results from TMJ dental procedures varies depending on the severity of the condition and the specific treatments performed. Some patients may experience relief from symptoms shortly after starting treatment, while others may require more time for improvement.

Are TMJ dental procedures covered by insurance?

Coverage for TMJ dental procedures varies depending on your insurance plan and the specific treatments recommended. It’s important to check with your insurance provider to understand your coverage and any out-of-pocket expenses associated with TMJ treatment.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder where a person's breathing repeatedly stops and starts while they sleep. It happens when the muscles in the throat relax too much, causing the airway to become blocked or narrowed. This can lead to pauses in breathing, sometimes lasting for a few seconds to minutes, and may occur multiple times throughout the night. Sleep apnea can result in poor sleep quality, daytime fatigue, and other health problems if left untreated. There are different types of sleep apnea, including obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and mixed sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea can manifest through various symptoms, including loud and chronic snoring, episodes of breathing cessation during sleep, waking up abruptly with shortness of breath or gasping for air, daytime sleepiness or fatigue, morning headaches, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and mood changes. Additionally, individuals with sleep apnea may experience other oral health-related symptoms like dry mouth, sore throat, and teeth grinding. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s essential to seek medical evaluation and discuss your concerns with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment

The SleepImage Ring is a wearable device that can be easily worn on your finger, providing comfort and convenience while tracking your sleep patterns throughout the night. As you sleep, the ring gathers data which is then transmitted to a dedicated app on your phone. This data can be utilized by your sleep clinic dentist for an accurate assessment of your sleep quality.

Oral Appliances

 Dentists can custom-fit oral appliances, such as mandibular advancement devices (MADs) or tongue-retaining devices, to help keep the airway open during sleep. These devices reposition the jaw or tongue to prevent airway obstruction and improve breathing.

Orthodontic Treatment

 Orthodontic interventions, such as braces or invisalign, may be recommended to correct underlying dental issues that contribute to sleep apnea, such as malocclusion or overcrowding of the teeth.

Oral Surgery

 In some cases, oral surgery may be necessary to address structural issues in the mouth or throat that contribute to sleep apnea, such as enlarged tonsils, a deviated septum, or excessive soft tissue in the throat.

Behavioural Therapy

 Dentists can provide guidance on lifestyle modifications and behavioural changes that may help alleviate sleep apnea symptoms, such as weight loss, avoiding alcohol and sedatives before bedtime, and improving sleep hygiene practices.

Collaboration with Sleep Specialists

 Dentists often work closely with sleep medicine specialists and other healthcare providers to develop comprehensive treatment plans for sleep apnea patients. This may include a combination of dental interventions, medical treatments, and lifestyle modifications tailored to the individual’s needs.

Root Canal Treatment

A root canal procedure is a dental treatment performed to save a tooth that has become infected or severely damaged. It involves removing the infected or damaged pulp tissue from inside the tooth's root canals, cleaning and shaping the canals, and filling them with a biocompatible material to seal them. The access opening is then sealed, and the tooth may be restored with a crown or other restoration to provide strength and protection. Root canal treatment aims to alleviate pain, remove infection, and preserve the natural tooth, allowing patients to maintain their smile and bite function. It is a common and effective procedure performed by dentists to avoid tooth extraction when possible.


Root canal treatments are performed under local anesthesia, so patients typically do not feel pain during the procedure. Some discomfort or soreness may occur after the anesthesia wears off, but this can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.

The duration of a root canal procedure varies depending on factors such as the location and complexity of the tooth, the extent of infection or damage, and the patient’s individual anatomy. In general, root canal treatments can be completed in one to two visits, each lasting about 60 to 90 minutes.

In most cases, a dental crown or other restoration is recommended after a root canal to provide strength and protection to the treated tooth. The crown helps prevent further damage and restores the tooth’s function and appearance.

With proper care and maintenance, a root canal-treated tooth can last a lifetime. However, factors such as oral hygiene habits, diet, and regular dental check-ups play a role in the longevity of the restoration.

Since root canal treatments are performed under local anesthesia, patients are usually able to drive themselves home after the procedure. However, if sedation or additional medications are used, it’s best to arrange for a ride home.

The primary alternative to root canal treatment is tooth extraction. However, extracting the tooth may lead to additional dental problems and the need for tooth replacement options such as dental implants or bridges.

After a root canal procedure, the tooth may feel slightly different due to the removal of the infected or damaged pulp tissue. However, with the placement of a dental crown or restoration, the tooth should look and function similar to a natural tooth.

Some sensitivity to hot, cold, or pressure may occur temporarily after a root canal procedure, but this typically resolves within a few days to weeks as the tooth heals. If sensitivity persists or worsens, patients should contact their dentist for further evaluation.

Tooth Extraction

A tooth extraction procedure involves the removal of a tooth from its socket, typically performed by a dentist or oral surgeon using specialized instruments. It may be recommended for various reasons, including severe tooth decay, gum disease, impacted wisdom teeth, orthodontic treatment, irreparable tooth damage, overcrowding, or preparation for dentures or dental implants. During the procedure, local anesthesia is administered to numb the area, and the tooth is gently loosened and removed. Aftercare instructions are provided to promote healing and prevent complications. Tooth extraction aims to address dental issues, alleviate pain, and improve overall oral health and quality of life. It's crucial to consult with a dental professional to discuss the reasons for extraction and available treatment options.


While the procedure itself is not painful due to the administration of local anesthesia, some discomfort or pressure may be felt during the extraction process. After the procedure, mild discomfort and swelling are common, which can be managed with pain medications and ice packs.

After a tooth extraction, it’s normal to experience some swelling, discomfort, and mild bleeding in the extraction site. Patients are typically advised to rest, avoid strenuous activities, eat soft foods, and follow post-extraction care instructions provided by their dentist.

While tooth extractions are generally safe procedures, there are some risks and potential complications, such as infection, dry socket (loss of blood clot), nerve damage, or sinus problems (for upper tooth extractions). However, these complications are rare and can often be prevented or managed with proper care.

Yes, missing teeth can be replaced with options such as dental implants, bridges, or dentures. Your dentist can discuss the available options for tooth replacement and help you choose the most suitable option based on your specific needs and preferences.

Recovery times vary from person to person, but most patients can resume normal activities within a few days to a week after a tooth extraction. However, it’s essential to follow your dentist’s post-extraction care instructions and avoid strenuous activities until you’re fully healed.

Wisdom Teeth Removal

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of molars to erupt in the back of the mouth, usually between the ages of 17 and 25. While some people have sufficient space in their jaws to accommodate wisdom teeth without any issues, many individuals experience problems with their wisdom teeth, leading to their removal. Wisdom teeth may push against neighbouring teeth as they try to emerge, leading to misalignment and bite issues. Because they are challenging to clean properly, wisdom teeth are more prone to decay and gum disease, increasing the risk of infection. In some cases, cysts or tumors may form around impacted wisdom teeth, causing damage to surrounding bone and adjacent teeth. Therefore, the decision to remove wisdom teeth depends on factors such as oral health, tooth position, and the presence of symptoms or complications, and should be discussed with a dentist or oral surgeon.

Consultation with the Dentist or Oral Surgeon: Schedule a consultation appointment with your dentist or oral surgeon to discuss the procedure, your medical history, and any concerns or questions you may have about nitrous oxide sedation.

Medical Evaluation: Provide your dentist or oral surgeon with a comprehensive medical history, including any medications you are currently taking, allergies, and past experiences with sedation or anesthesia. They may also request medical tests or clearance from your primary care physician if necessary.

Bring Health Card: It helps pharmacists coordinate with your healthcare team to provide medications that are compatible with your treatment plan and post-surgery recovery.

Fasting Instructions: Follow any fasting instructions provided by your dentist or oral surgeon. Typically, you will be required to avoid eating or drinking anything, including water, for 2 hours before the procedure to reduce the risk of aspiration during sedation.

During a wisdom teeth removal procedure, you’ll first receive anesthesia to ensure you’re comfortable throughout the process. Then, the oral surgeon will carefully access the wisdom tooth by making a small incision in the gum tissue. Using specialized tools, they’ll gently loosen and remove the tooth from its socket. Sometimes, a small amount of bone may need to be removed to facilitate extraction. After the tooth is out, the area will be cleaned, and stitches may be placed if necessary. Gauze pads will then be applied to control bleeding, and you’ll receive post-operative instructions for a smooth recovery.


Caring for Your Mouth:

  • Brushing and Flossing: Avoid brushing near surgical sites initially. Start gentle brushing and flossing in other areas the day after surgery.
  • Mouthwash: Wait 24 hours before using mouthwash. Then, use prescribed antibacterial rinse for 2 weeks, followed by alcohol-free mouthwash.
  • Avoid Electric Toothbrush and WaterPik: Refrain from using these for 6 weeks post-surgery.

Dietary Recommendations:

  • First 24 Hours: Stick to cold liquids. Avoid alcohol, carbonated drinks, and using straws.
  • After 24 Hours: Gradually introduce soft foods like cooked vegetables, fish, pasta, etc. Regular meals aid healing.

Activity Guidelines:

  • Rest: Rest at home on the day of surgery and the following day. Elevate your head while sleeping to reduce swelling.
  • After 24 Hours: Resume normal activities but avoid strenuous tasks for 2 weeks.

Medication Instructions:

  • Pain Relief: Take prescribed pain medication with food and water. Avoid mixing with over-the-counter pain meds unless instructed.
  • Antibiotics: Complete the full course of prescribed antibiotics.
  • Mouth Rinse: Begin using prescribed mouthwash the day after surgery.

Swelling Management: Apply ice packs to the treated area for 10 minutes on, 10 minutes off, as much as possible in the first 24 hours.

Dealing with Bleeding: Some oozing and red saliva are normal. If bleeding is excessive, bite on a moistened tea bag or seek medical attention if severe.

Smoking Cessation: Avoid smoking for 2 weeks before and at least 23 weeks after surgery to promote proper healing.

Suture Care: Resorbable sutures will dissolve naturally. Non-resorbable sutures will be removed during follow-up appointments.

Following these instructions carefully will promote optimal healing and reduce the risk of complications after surgery.

Is wisdom teeth removal painful?

While discomfort is normal after the procedure, anesthesia and pain medication are used to ensure patients are comfortable during and after the extraction. Most patients report only mild discomfort during the recovery period.

How long does it take to recover from wisdom teeth removal?

Recovery time varies for each individual but typically takes about a week. Swelling and discomfort usually peak within the first 2-3 days and gradually improve thereafter.

What can I eat after wisdom teeth removal?

Soft foods that require minimal chewing, such as yogurt, applesauce, mashed potatoes, and soup, are recommended during the first few days after surgery. Patients should avoid hard, crunchy, or spicy foods that may irritate the extraction sites.

When can I resume normal activities after wisdom teeth removal?

Most patients can resume normal activities, such as school or work, within a few days after surgery. However, strenuous activities and exercise should be avoided for at least a week to allow for proper healing.

Do I need to have all four wisdom teeth removed?

Not everyone requires the removal of all four wisdom teeth. The decision to remove wisdom teeth depends on factors such as their position, the presence of symptoms or complications, and individual oral health needs.



Dentures are removable prosthetic devices used to replace missing teeth and surrounding tissues. They consist of artificial teeth set in a gum-coloured acrylic base that fits over the gums. Dentures restore chewing function, improve speech, and enhance the appearance of the smile for individuals missing several or all of their teeth. There are two main types of dentures: complete dentures, which replace all teeth in the upper or lower jaw, and partial dentures, which replace multiple missing teeth while preserving remaining natural teeth. Dentures require regular cleaning and maintenance, and adjustments may be needed over time to ensure proper fit and comfort. Overall, dentures provide a practical and cost-effective solution for restoring oral function and aesthetics for those with missing teeth.


Dentures are recommended for individuals who are missing several or all of their teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other factors that affect oral health and function.

There are two main types of dentures: complete dentures, which replace all teeth in the upper or lower jaw, and partial dentures, which replace multiple missing teeth while preserving remaining natural teeth.

Dentures are designed to fit snugly over the gums and may be held in place by natural suction, denture adhesives, or dental implants for added stability.

Yes, dentures require regular cleaning and maintenance to keep them clean, free of plaque and bacteria, and in good condition. This includes daily brushing, soaking, and periodic professional cleanings.

Initially, dentures may feel bulky and affect speech and eating habits. However, with time and practice, most individuals adapt to wearing dentures and regain normal speech and chewing function.

The lifespan of dentures varies depending on factors such as oral hygiene, wear and tear, and changes in the jawbone over time. On average, dentures may need to be replaced or relined every 5 to 7 years.

While dentures may feel uncomfortable or awkward initially, most individuals adjust to wearing them within a few weeks. Properly fitted dentures should feel comfortable and secure in the mouth.

Yes, dentures can improve facial appearance by restoring lost facial volume and supporting the lips and cheeks, which may appear sunken or sagging due to missing teeth.

Yes, alternatives to dentures include dental implants, which offer a more permanent and stable solution for replacing missing teeth, as well as dental bridges and implant-supported dentures. Your dentist can discuss the best treatment options based on your individual needs and preferences.

Restorative Dentistry

Teeth Whitening

Boost Whitening

Boost whitening is a type of in-office teeth whitening procedure offered in dentistry. It is a professional-grade whitening treatment designed to lighten and brighten the color of teeth effectively and quickly. Boost whitening typically involves the application of a high-concentration hydrogen peroxide gel directly onto the teeth, which is then activated by a special light or laser to accelerate the whitening process. The procedure usually takes about an hour to complete and can result in noticeable improvements in tooth color after just one session. Boost whitening is often preferred by individuals seeking fast and dramatic results compared to at-home whitening kits or other professional whitening options.

However, it's essential to consult with a dentist to determine if boost whitening is suitable for your specific dental needs and to ensure safe and effective treatment.


Boost whitening involves the application of a high-concentration hydrogen peroxide gel directly onto the teeth, which is then activated by a special light or laser to accelerate the whitening process.

Yes, boost whitening is considered safe when performed by a trained dental professional following appropriate protocols and safety guidelines.

The boost whitening procedure typically takes about an hour to complete, providing noticeable improvements in tooth color after just one session.

Most patients experience minimal to no discomfort during the boost whitening procedure. However, some individuals may temporarily experience sensitivity or mild irritation, which usually resolves shortly after treatment.

The duration of boost whitening results varies depending on factors such as oral hygiene habits, diet, and lifestyle factors. With proper maintenance and care, results can last for several months to a year or longer.

While rare, potential side effects of boost whitening may include temporary tooth sensitivity, gum irritation, or mild discomfort. These side effects typically resolve on their own shortly after treatment.

Boost whitening is effective at lightening extrinsic stains caused by factors such as coffee, tea, tobacco, and aging. However, it may be less effective for intrinsic stains caused by factors such as dental trauma or certain medications.

Fotona Touch-Whitening

The Fotona LightWalker Touch Whitening procedure is an advanced teeth whitening treatment offered in dentistry. It utilizes the Fotona LightWalker laser system to achieve brighter and whiter teeth effectively and safely. The procedure involves the application of a whitening gel containing hydrogen peroxide onto the teeth, followed by the activation of the gel using the laser's specific wavelengths of light. This combination of gel and laser energy penetrates the enamel, breaking down stains and discolouration, while also stimulating the whitening process.
The LightWalker Touch Whitening procedure is known for its quick and comfortable treatment, often providing significant improvements in tooth colour after just one session.
Additionally, the Fotona laser system allows for precise control and customization of the whitening process to meet the individual needs and preferences of patients.


Yes, Fotona LightWalker Touch Whitening is considered safe when performed by a trained dental professional using appropriate protocols and safety measures.

The duration of the procedure varies depending on factors such as the severity of tooth discoloration and the desired level of whitening. In general, the treatment can be completed in about one hour.

Most patients experience minimal to no discomfort during the procedure. However, some individuals may temporarily experience tooth sensitivity, which typically resolves shortly after treatment.

Many patients achieve noticeable results after just one session of Fotona LightWalker Touch Whitening. However, the number of sessions needed may vary depending on individual factors such as the extent of tooth discoloration and the desired level of whitening.

The duration of results depends on factors such as oral hygiene habits, diet, and lifestyle factors. With proper maintenance and care, results can last for several months to a year or longer.

While rare, potential side effects may include temporary tooth sensitivity or gum irritation. These side effects typically resolve shortly after treatment.

Dental Veneers

Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells typically made of porcelain or composite resin that are bonded to the front surface of teeth to improve their appearance. Veneers are used to address various cosmetic issues, such as discoloration, chipping, misalignment, or gaps between teeth. They are designed to match the color, shape, and size of natural teeth, providing a durable and natural-looking solution for enhancing the smile. Veneers can effectively transform the appearance of teeth by creating a brighter, more uniform smile with minimal tooth preparation. They require proper care and maintenance, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental checkups, to ensure long-lasting results.

Durability: Porcelain veneers are highly durable and resistant to staining, making them a long-lasting solution. With proper care, they can maintain their appearance for 10-15 years or even longer.

Aesthetics: Porcelain veneers have a translucent quality that closely resembles natural teeth. They reflect light similarly to natural enamel, providing a lifelike and natural appearance.

Stain Resistance: Porcelain is highly resistant to stains from coffee, tea, wine, and other substances, ensuring a bright and white smile for years.

Minimal Tooth Removal: Less tooth enamel needs to be removed when preparing teeth for porcelain veneers compared to other dental restorations, preserving more of the natural tooth structure.

Gum Tolerance: Porcelain is well-tolerated by the gums, and the gum tissue tends to respond favourably to the presence of porcelain veneers.

Customization: Porcelain veneers can be customized in terms of color, shape, and translucency, allowing for precise matching to the patient’s natural teeth and desired aesthetics.

Longevity: Porcelain veneers have a longer lifespan compared to composite resin veneers, providing a durable and reliable solution for many years.

Cost-Effectiveness: Composite resin veneers are generally more affordable than porcelain veneers, making them a cost-effective option for patients with budget constraints.

Ease of Repair: If composite resin veneers chip or get damaged, they can be easily repaired in the dental office. Porcelain veneers require more complex repairs.

Conservative Tooth Preparation: Less tooth enamel removal is necessary for composite veneers, making them a more conservative option for patients concerned about preserving their natural teeth.

Direct Application: Composite veneers can be applied directly to the teeth in a single visit, whereas porcelain veneers require a multi-step process involving dental impressions and a dental laboratory.

Flexibility: Composite resin allows for easier alterations and adjustments during the application process, offering flexibility in achieving the desired aesthetics.

Natural Appearance: Skilled cosmetic dentists can create natural-looking results with composite resin, providing a lifelike appearance that blends well with surrounding teeth.

Dental veneers are considered a permanent cosmetic solution, as a thin layer of enamel is removed during the preparation process. However, they may need to be replaced over time due to normal wear and tear or damage.

When properly designed and bonded by a skilled dentist, dental veneers blend seamlessly with natural teeth and provide a natural-looking result. They are custom-made to match the color, shape, and size of surrounding teeth.

The lifespan of dental veneers varies depending on factors such as oral hygiene, habits (e.g., teeth grinding), and the material used (porcelain veneers typically last longer than composite resin veneers). On average, veneers can last 10-15 years or longer with proper care.

Dental veneers do not require special maintenance beyond regular oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and routine dental checkups. However, avoiding habits that can damage veneers, such as chewing on hard objects or teeth grinding, is recommended to prolong their lifespan.

Unlike natural teeth, dental veneers cannot be whitened with traditional teeth whitening methods. It’s essential to discuss desired tooth shade with your dentist before veneer placement to achieve the desired results.

While dental veneers can improve the appearance of mildly crooked teeth, they are not a substitute for orthodontic treatment in cases of significant misalignment. Your dentist will assess your individual needs and recommend the most appropriate treatment option.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure in which a tooth-colored composite resin material is applied to the surface of teeth to improve their appearance. It is commonly used to repair chipped, cracked, or discoloured teeth, fill in gaps between teeth, and reshape misaligned or uneven teeth. During the bonding process, the resin material is carefully sculpted and bonded to the tooth surface, then hardened using a special light. Dental bonding is a relatively quick and cost-effective way to enhance the aesthetics of teeth, providing natural-looking results that blend seamlessly with surrounding teeth. However, bonding may not be as durable or stain-resistant as other cosmetic dental treatments like veneers or crowns, and may require occasional maintenance or replacement over time.


Dental bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure in which a tooth-colored composite resin material is applied to the surface of teeth to improve their appearance.

Dental bonding can effectively repair chipped, cracked, or discolored teeth, fill in gaps between teeth, reshape misaligned or uneven teeth, and even cover exposed tooth roots due to gum recession.

During the bonding process, the tooth surface is prepared by roughening it slightly, and a tooth-colored composite resin material is applied, shaped, and molded to achieve the desired aesthetic result. The resin is then hardened using a special curing light, and final adjustments are made to ensure proper fit and appearance.

While dental bonding is a durable cosmetic treatment, it may not last as long as other options like porcelain veneers or crowns. With proper care and maintenance, bonding can last several years before requiring touch-ups or replacement.

When performed by a skilled dentist, dental bonding can provide natural-looking results that blend seamlessly with surrounding teeth. The composite resin material is custom-shaded to match the color of the patient’s natural teeth for a seamless appearance.

Yes, dental bonding is an effective solution for closing small gaps or spaces between teeth. The composite resin material is applied to the tooth surface and shaped to achieve the desired width and appearance.

While dental bonding does not require special care beyond regular oral hygiene practices, such as brushing, flossing, and routine dental checkups, it is essential to avoid habits that can damage the bonded material, such as biting on hard objects or chewing on ice.

Veneers are thin, custom-made shells typically made of porcelain or composite resin that cover the front surface of teeth to improve their appearance, while bonding involves applying a tooth-colored composite resin material directly onto the tooth surface to repair imperfections or enhance aesthetics.

Smile Makeover

Smile makeover in dentistry refers to a comprehensive treatment plan designed to improve the appearance of a person's smile through various cosmetic dental procedures. This customized approach may involve a combination of treatments such as teeth whitening, dental veneers, dental bonding, orthodontics, gum contouring, and dental implants, among others, depending on the individual's unique needs and goals. The goal of a smile makeover is to enhance the overall aesthetic harmony of the smile, addressing issues such as tooth discolouration, misalignment, gaps, chips, or other imperfections to create a more attractive and confident smile.